About the City
Kisumu City can be greatly accessed by road, rail, car, bus, water (via Lake Victoria) and air (Kisumu International Airport).
Kisumu City has a population of around 1,500,000 people. Pronounced as Kisumo, it is Kenya’s third largest city and the principal Lake Port of the country lying on the Equator, Kisumu’s has an annual relief rainfall between 1200 mm and 1300 mm with a mean annual temperature of 230C and ranges between 200C and 350C.
The city has a full range of educational, industrial, agricultural, medical and social facilities. It is multi-ethnic with the Luo tribe predominating. Although Dholuo is the local language mostly used here, Swahili is spoken throughout Kenya and English is also widely understood.
It is fast developing as a tourist industry with the attractions of Lake Victoria and nearby wildlife.
The city is ideally situated at the cusp of the Winam Gulf on the shores of Lake Victoria, the end of the caravan trail from Pemba, Mombasa, Malindi and had the potential for connection to the whole of the lake region by steamers.
Kisumu is a quiet port town with wide streets and colonial architecture and has on the most breathtaking sunsets.
The town stands at 1,131 meters above sea level. Lake Victoria port was founded in 1901 as mainland terminal for the Kenya-Uganda Railway.
Kisumu literally means a place of barter trade. It was identified with the explorers in 1898 as an alternative railway terminus and port for the railway services. It was to replace Port Victoria, then an important caravan trade route, near the mouth of Nzoia River.
In July 1899, the very first skeleton plan for Kisumu was prepared. This included landing places and wharves along the northern lake shore, near the present day old Airport Road.